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My primary reference here is The Four Ancient Cities and the Four Directions

0) I'm trying to stick to the actual Celtic/Gaelic issues here, and leave the "classical" or tarot elements and associations out of it for the time being.

1) The associations between the Treasures and the cities are not in doubt (see below).

2) Based on:

Alexei also shows us how it is possible to add the Greco-Roman elements of air, water, fire and earth to the four cities using the names of these cities themselves. Gorias can easily be associated with fire, while Muirias is also associated easily with water. Failias is the place of the stone and also means enclosure so it stands to reason that it would be associated with earth and by process of elimination that means that Findias is associated with air.

That gives Stone/earth, Spear/fire, Sword/air and Cauldron/water, which again is not a problem.

However, when it gets to the correlations of the cities and the functions, Alexei gives us:
Falias / earth / south
Gorias / fire / west
Findias / air / north
Murias / water / east

This becomes an issue in that we've all got the classical/tarot associations in our heads to varying degrees :-).

So, my thought for future ritual: Since there are no signs of ancient associations between the Treasures/cities and the directions, we separate them out for ritual. Use references to the five parts of Ireland and maybe the functions (per the references to "The Settling of the Manor of Tara") when calling the directions to the center, and then have some other part of the ritual that references the Treasures and elements. That way, we can maintain consistency while not doing anything that goes against what we do have from the ancestors or what we've gotten used to based on more Mediterranean associations.

On the directions and functions

Relevant excerpts from "The Settling of the Manor of Tara," to be used to add poetry to the calling of the directions for creating sacred space, since we're removing the gifts from that section:

23. ‘O Fintan,’ said he, ‘and Ireland, how has it been partitioned, 
where have things been therein?’
‘Easy to say,’ said Fintan: ‘knowledge in the west, battle 
in the north, prosperity in the east, music in the south, kingship
in the centre (?)’. 
‘True indeed, O Fintan,’ said Trefuilngid, ‘thou art an excellent 
shanachie. It is thus that it has been, and will be for ever, namely:

24. Her learning, her foundation, her teaching, her alliance, her 
judgement, her chronicles, her counsels, her stories, her histories, 
her science, her comeliness, her eloquence, her beauty, her modesty
(lit. blushing), her bounty, her abundance, her wealth—from the
western part in the west.’ 

25. ‘Her battles also,’ said he, ‘and her contentions, her 
hardihood, her rough places, her strifes, her haughtiness, her 
unprofitableness, her pride, her captures, her assaults, her hardness,
her wars, her conflicts, from the northern part in the north.’ 

26. ‘Her prosperity then,’ said he, ‘and her supplies, her 
bee-hives (?) her contests, her feats of arms, her householders, her 
nobles, her wonders, her good custom, her good manners, her 
splendour, her abundance, her dignity, her strength, her wealth, 
her householding, her many arts, her accoutrements (?), her many
treasures, her satin, her serge, her silks, her cloths (?), her green 
spotted cloth (?), her hospitality, from the eastern part in the 

27. ‘Her waterfalls, her fairs, her nobles, her reavers, her knowledge, 
her subtlety, her musicianship, her melody, her minstrelsy,
her wisdom, her honour, her music, her learning, her teaching, her 
warriorship, her fidchell playing, her vehemence, her fierceness, 
her poetical art, her advocacy, her modesty, her code, her retinue,
her fertility, from the southern part in the south.’ 

28. ‘Her kings, moreover, her stewards, her dignity, her primacy,
her stability, her establishments, her supports, her destructions,
her warriorship, her charioteership, her soldiery, her principality, 
her high-kingship, her ollaveship, her mead, her bounty, her ale,
her renown, her great fame, her prosperity, from the centre 

Summary of the above from "The Four Ancient Cities and the Four Directions":

West (Connacht): Learning (Fis), foundations, teaching, alliance, judgment, chronicles, counsels, stories, histories, science, comeliness, eloquence, beauty, modesty (literally blushing), bounty, abundance and wealth.

North (Ulster): Battle (Cath), contentions, hardihood, rough places, strives, haughtiness, unprofitableness, pride, captures, assaults, hardness, wars, and conflicts.

East (Leinster): Prosperity (Bláth), supplies, bee-hives, contests, feats of arms, householders, nobles, wonders, good custom, good manners, splendour, abundance, dignity, strength, wealth, householding, many arts, accountrements, many treasures, satin, serge, silk, cloths, green spotted cloth, hospitality.

South (Munster): Music (Séis), waterfalls, fairs, nobles, reavers, knowledge, subtlety, musicianship, melody, minstrelry, wisdom, honour, music, learning, teaching, warriorship, fidchell-playing, vehemence, fierceness, poetical art, advocacy, modesty, code, retinue, fertility.

Center (Meath): Kingship, stewards, dignity, primacy, stability, establishments, supports, destructions, warriorship, charioteership, soldiery, principality, high-kingship, ollaveship, mead, bounty, ale, renown, fame, prosperity.

Gifts and Cities

From the Second Battle of Magh Tuireadh, which is a text dating back to the 12th century AD. The Myth states the following:

The Túatha Dé Danann were in the northern islands of the world, studying occult lore and sorcery, druidic arts and witchcraft and magical skill, until they surpassed the sages of the pagan arts.
They studied occult lore and secret knowledge and diabolic arts in four cities: Falias, Gorias, Murias, and Findias.
From Falias was brought the Stone of Fál which was located in Tara. It used to cry out beneath every king that would take Ireland.
From Gorias was brought the spear which Lug had. No battle was ever sustained against it, or against the man who held it in his hand.
From Findias was brought the sword of Núadu. No one ever escaped from it once it was drawn from its deadly sheath, and no one could resist it.
From Murias was brought the Dagda's cauldron. No company ever went away from it unsatisfied.
There were four wizards in those four cities. Morfesa was in Falias; Esras was in Gorias; Uiscias was in Findias; Semias was in Murias. Those are the four poets from whom the Túatha Dé learned occult lore and secret knowledge.

So, we have:

Falias / earth / Stone of Fal (or shield?)
Gorias / fire / Spear of Lugh
Findias / air / Sword of Nuada
Murias / water / Cauldron of the Dagda